As the science of crime deterrence updates every day, so too do the crime prevention techniques applied to building design and project layout improve. While many of the new design concepts are impossible to apply to an already constructed location, some principles can be implemented anywhere that will both stop crime before it happens and improve the quality of life there.
Most important is that a location must appear to be safe, secure, and maintained to any party that is looking to intrude. Fences and property are a simple way to show that the owner cares about his property’s integrity and are a surprisingly effective deterrent. A site that is well cared for gives an impression of being secure, broken windows and downtrodden areas can give a sense of neglect and vulnerability to a potential intruder.
Good lighting is essential. Pathways and hallways are especially vulnerable due to their frequency of use. Making sure that these areas can be well observed from outside areas significantly reduces any form of risk.
Effective use of signage will keep occupants of a location safe by giving them and understanding of their responsibility in the mutual effort of security, as well as making sure that they understand the characteristics of the environment. A more extensive application of this principle can be applied with an information kiosk, concierge, or well-trained security officer.
Avoid establishing areas where surveillance is impossible. Any place that is isolated from outside observation is the most likely area for an incident to occur. Solutions to consider are adding windows if possible, cameras, or regular patrols inside, depending on the nature of the specific location.